There was no Aguinaldo?

June 12, 2023

It is probably unknown to most Filipinos that the independence speech was not proclaimed by Aguinaldo.

The man wasn’t even in his house.

In his absence, Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista read the independence declaration.

An account of volunteers Juan y Jose Toral’s recollections was published in “El sitio de manila: Memorias de un voluntario”, that Dewey was in Kawit on the day of the “declaration of independence”.

This popular P5 old peso note greatly romanticized the independence declaration. Along with movies that showed Aguinaldo waving the flag. Aguinaldo did not attend the declaration.

The flag was waved by a proxy for Aguinaldo, Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista.

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